With the summer right around the corner, it is worth reminding ourselves that skin cancer is the most
common type of cancer in the world, with millions of people affected worldwide each year.

Despite the seriousness of skin cancer, many people are still unaware of the risks and how to protect
themselves. This blog explores some key facts about skin cancer and offer tips for staying safe in the
There are three main types of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type, accounting
for around 80% of all cases. It typically develops in areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such
as the face, neck, and arms. Squamous cell carcinoma is less common but still affects many people
each year. This type of cancer also develops in sun-exposed areas and can spread to other parts of the
body if left untreated, Melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer, accounting for around 1% of all
cases. This type can develop anywhere on the body and is often characterized by a dark, irregularly
shaped mole.
The most significant risk factor for skin cancer is exposure to UV radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
Other risk factors include having fair skin, a history of sunburns, a weakened immune system, and a
family history of skin cancer. It’s essential to be aware of these risk factors and take steps to protect
yourself, especially if you spend a lot of time outdoors. The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect
yourself from the sun’s harmful UV rays.
Here are some tips to protect yourself:

  • Wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts and wide-brimmed hats, when
    you’re outside.
  • Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, and apply it generously to all
    exposed skin.
  • Avoid the sun during peak hours, typically between 10 am and 4 pm when UV radiation is
  • Don’t use tanning beds, as they can cause significant damage to your skin and increase
    your risk of skin cancer.
  • Regular skin checks are crucial for detecting skin cancer early, when it’s most treatable. Here are some
    signs to look out for:
  • A new mole or growth on your skin or a mole or growth that has changed in size, shape,
    or colour.
  • A sore that doesn’t heal or a scaly patch of skin.
  • A mole or growth that feels itchy, tender, or painful.

If you notice any of these signs, it’s essential to see a dermatologist right away. They can examine your
skin and perform a biopsy if necessary to determine if it’s cancerous. Early detection is key to successful
treatment and a full recovery.